# Simpson approximation method

#### Ulysses

Use the Simpson method to estimate $$\displaystyle \displaystyle\int_{0}^{1}\cos(x^2)dx$$ with an approximation error less than 0.001.

Well, I have a problem. Actually I'm looking for a bound for the error of approximate method integration by using Simpson's method.

I have to bring $$\displaystyle \displaystyle\int_{0}^{1}\cos(x^2)dx$$ with an error less than 0.001.

I started looking for the fourth order derivative, and got:

$$\displaystyle f^4(x)=48x^2\sin(x^2)-12\cos(x^2)+16x^4\cos(x^2)$$

Now, I have to find a bound K for this derivative in the interval [0,1]. What I did do was watch for if they had maximum and minimum on the interval, then calculate the derivative of order five:
$$\displaystyle f^5(x)=120x\sin(x^2)+160x^3\cos(x^2)-32x^5\sin(x^2)$$

From here I did was ask:

If $$\displaystyle f^5(x)\in{[0,1]}\Rightarrow{f^5(x)=0\Longleftrightarrow{x=0}}$$

So here I know is that zero is a maximum or minimum. Then I wanted to look for on the concavity of the curve, and I thought the easiest thing would be to look at the sixth derivative, to know how it would behave the fourth derivative of the original function.

$$\displaystyle f^6(x)=720x^2\cos(x^2)-480x^4\sin(x^2)-64x^6\cos(x^2)+120\sin(x^2)$$

The problem is that when evaluated

$$\displaystyle f^6(0)=120\sin(0^2)=0$$

So, I get zero the derivative sixth, and I do not say whether it is concave upwards or downwards is concave.

What should I do? there may be a less cumbersome to work this, if so I would know.

Greetings.

Last edited:

#### skeeter

MHF Helper
I get ...

$$\displaystyle f^4(x) = 48x^2 \sin(x^2) + (16x^4-12)\cos(x^2)$$

#### Ulysses

Yes, sorry. I've corrected some typos. Anyway, I've solved it. It was trivial, I could use any point on the interval to see the concavity of the curve, I didn't even needed to use the 6th derivative, as it only has an inflection point on zero for the given interval.

Thanks.