Ah, I see that my superfluous way of thinking directed my question to a bundle of confusion. To simply fix the **|x+4|** and **2|x+4|** not being functions, add f(x)= to the left of them. Lack of clarity tends to throw off even the brightest of mathematicians. Anyways, I was confused because the "standard form" resembled the vertex formula for a quadratic. I thought that there was some sort of unknown form that applied to functions like these two. Now that I think of it, this seems pretty simple, like what Admin Topsquark suggested. If this is true, I think I can apply this method to functions like f(x)= -2|x+4|+1. Expect more brain-scrambling questions to come!