# Simplifying expressions

• Jan 12th 2007, 01:29 PM
mike1
Simplifying expressions
Could someone help me with this problem?

Question: Simplify the expression cos(2x) + 2sin(squared)x.
• Jan 12th 2007, 01:43 PM
CaptainBlack
Quote:

Originally Posted by mike1
Could someone help me with this problem?

Question: Simplify the expression cos(2x) + 2sin(squared)x.

Simplify

$\cos(2x) + 2\sin^2(x)$

Now we have a trig identity (which may be derived from $\cos(A+B)=\cos(A)\cos(B)-\sin(A)\sin(B)$):

$\cos(2A)=1-2\sin^2(A)$

which may be used to give:

$\cos(2x) + 2\sin^2(x)=1-2\sin^2(x)+1\sin^2(x)=1$

RonL
• Jan 12th 2007, 03:18 PM
Soroban
Hello, Mike!

Another approach . . .

I assume you're familiar with the Double-angle Identities.

In particular: . $\sin^2x\:=\:\frac{1 - \cos2x}{2}$

Quote:

Simplify: . $\cos(2x) + 2\sin^2(x)$
We have: . $\cos(2x) + 2\underbrace{\sin^2(x)}$

. . . $= \;\cos(2x) + 2\left(\frac{1 - \cos(2x)}{2}\right)$

. . . $= \;\cos(2x) + 1 - \cos(2x) \;= \;\boxed{1}$

• Jan 12th 2007, 11:28 PM
mike1
Thanks, I appreciate the help. I guess I was doubting myself that it was that simple.

I do have another two that I am not sure about if you could help:

Question 1: Express as a sum or difference 2sin(6u)cos(4u).

I think it's either sin(10u)-sin(2u) or sin(10u)+sin(2u), not too sure.

Question 2: Express as a product sin(6t) + sin(2t).

I think it's either 2sin(4t)cos(2t) or 2cos(4t)sin(2t), again not sure.

• Jan 13th 2007, 12:20 AM
CaptainBlack
Quote:

Originally Posted by mike1
Thanks, I appreciate the help. I guess I was doubting myself that it was that simple.

I do have another two that I am not sure about if you could help:

Question 1: Express as a sum or difference 2sin(6u)cos(4u).

I think it's either sin(10u)-sin(2u) or sin(10u)+sin(2u), not too sure.

As:

$\sin(A+B)=\sin(A)\cos(B)+\cos(A)\sin(B)$

and:

$\sin(A-B)=\sin(A)\cos(B)-\cos(A)\sin(B)$

adding these gives another identity you are supposed to know:

$\sin(A+B)+\sin(A-B)=2\sin(A)\cos(B)$

So put $A=6u$, and $B=4u$, gives:

$2\sin(6u)\cos(4u)=\sin(10u)+\sin(2u)$

RonL
• Jan 13th 2007, 12:24 AM
CaptainBlack
Quote:

Originally Posted by mike1
Question 2: Express as a product sin(6t) + sin(2t).

I think it's either 2sin(4t)cos(2t) or 2cos(4t)sin(2t), again not sure.

$\sin(A+B)+\sin(A-B)=2\sin(A)\cos(B)$.
Put $A+B=6t$, and $A-B=2t$, so $A=4t$
and $B=2t$ and so:
$\sin(6t)+\sin(2t)=2\sin(4t)\cos(2t)$.