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Math Help - Trigonometry Question

  1. #1
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    Trigonometry Question

    If Sin[x] + Sin[x]^2 + Sin[x]^3 == 1
    Find Cos[x]^6 + 4 Cos[x]^4 + 8 Cos[x]^2

    Any help/solution would be appreciated.
    Thanks.
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  2. #2
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    Is this the correct problem?

    \sin(x)+\sin^2(x)+\sin^3(x)=1

    \cos^6(x)+4cos^4(x)+8cos^2(x)
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by adkinsjr View Post
    Is this the correct problem?

    \sin(x)+\sin^2(x)+\sin^3(x)=1

    \cos^6(x)+4cos^4(x)+8cos^2(x)
    I'm not too sure if the question is correct. I'll reconfirm it.
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  4. #4
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    Are you taking a highschool trig class? If so, lmk what topics you are covering. We're going to need that insight because this is a difficult problem and I'm not sure where to begin. Have you studied composite angle formulae? For example \cos(2x)=1-2\sin^2(x)
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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by adkinsjr View Post
    Are you taking a highschool trig class? If so, lmk what topics you are covering. We're going to need that insight because this is a difficult problem and I'm not sure where to begin. Have you studied composite angle formulae? For example \cos(2x)=1-2\sin^2(x)
    Yes, I have covered multiple angle formulas last year. A friend of mine gave this problem, I tried, but couldn't solve it.
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  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by adkinsjr View Post
    Is this the correct problem?

    \sin(x)+\sin^2(x)+\sin^3(x)=1
    i think it has no solution . Neither sin (x) + sin (x^2) + sin (x^3) =1 has any solutions .
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  7. #7
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    I disagree. This is a continuous function which takes the value 0 at 0 and takes the value 3 at pi/2. So there is certainly some point between 0 and pi/2 where it is 1. It's somewhere between 30 and 36 degrees in fact.
    Factorise the LHS as sin(x)(1+sin^2(x)) + sin^2(x))
    Then you can get replace the sin^2 terms with 1-cos^2(x) and rearrange so that the remain sin(x) term is on its own. Then square and make the same subsitution. Now you have got rid of all the sin(x) terms and only have cos(x) terms left. Presumably after some messing about you can find the required function of cos(x).
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  8. #8
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    Quote Originally Posted by alunw View Post
    I disagree. This is a continuous function which takes the value 0 at 0 and takes the value 3 at pi/2. So there is certainly some point between 0 and pi/2 where it is 1. It's somewhere between 30 and 36 degrees in fact.
    Factorise the LHS as sin(x)(1+sin^2(x)) + sin^2(x))
    Then you can get replace the sin^2 terms with 1-cos^2(x) and rearrange so that the remain sin(x) term is on its own. Then square and make the same subsitution. Now you have got rid of all the sin(x) terms and only have cos(x) terms left. Presumably after some messing about you can find the required function of cos(x).
    I agree with the rest. Question is probably wrong, but that's what I was given, sorry about that.
    - Wolfram|Alpha[x]+%2B+Sin[x]^2+%2B+Sin[x]^3+%3D%3D+1
    shows 2 possible answers, both of which when plugged into the equation that was to be solved gave an irrational answer. The options for the answer were integers I'm sure (don't remember).
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  9. #9
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    I was merely pointing out that sin(x)+sin^2(x)+sin^3(x)=1 undoubtedly has a solution. The fact that is irrational is completely irrelevant. However the question probably is wrong, because if you follow the strategy I outlined this is what happens:
    <br />
sin(x)(1+sin^2(x)) + sin^2(x) = 1<br />
    <br />
sin(x)(1+1-cos^2(x)) + 1-cos^2(x) = 1<br />
    <br />
sin(x)(2-cos^2(x)) -cos^2(x) = 0<br />
    <br />
sin(x)(2-cos^2(x)) = cos^2(x)<br />
    <br />
sin^2(x)(4-4cos^2(x)+cos^4(x)) = cos^4(x)<br />
    <br />
(1-cos^2(x))(4-4cos^2(x)+cos^4(x)) = cos^4(x)<br />
    <br />
(4-4cos^2(x)+cos^4(x) -4cos^2(x)+4cos^4(x)-cos^6(x)) = cos^4(x)<br />
    <br />
(4-8cos^2(x)+4cos^4(x)-cos^6(x)) = 0<br />
    <br />
cos^6(x)-4cos^4(x)+8cos^2(x)=4<br />
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  10. #10
    Member alunw's Avatar
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    Further to my last post the angle, which is slightly under 33 degrees (you could find an exact expression by solving the cubic in cos^2(x) given by the final line above) is very close to, but not the same as, the angle at which cos^6(x)+4cos^4(x)+8cos^2(x)=8
    and also to the angle at which cos^4(x)=0.5
    but all three are different angles. There is less than 1/4 of a degree between the smallest and largest of these angles.
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