# Math Help - verifying,simplifying, factoring trigs

1. ## verifying,simplifying, factoring trigs

I think I've tried every way possible, except the correct way.
Write the identity algebraically
1) (1+csc x)/(cot x + cos x)=sec x

factor the expression and use the fundamental identities to simplify
2)sec^4 x - tan^4 x

rewrite the expression so that it is not in fractional form.
3)tan^2 x/csc x + 1

2. Originally Posted by dmak263
I think I've tried every way possible, except the correct way.
Write the identity algebraically
1) (1+csc x)/(cot x + cos x)=sec x

factor the expression and use the fundamental identities to simplify
2)sec^4 x - tan^4 x

rewrite the expression so that it is not in fractional form.
3)tan^2 x/csc x + 1
1. $\frac{1 + \csc{x}}{\cot{x} + \cos{x}} = \frac{1 + \frac{1}{\sin{x}}}{\frac{\cos{x}}{\sin{x}} + \cos{x}}$

$= \frac{\frac{\sin{x} + 1}{\sin{x}}}{\frac{\cos{x} + \cos{x}\sin{x}}{\sin{x}}}$

$= \frac{\sin{x} + 1}{\sin{x}} \times \frac{\sin{x}}{\cos{x} + \cos{x}\sin{x}}$

$= \frac{\sin{x} + 1}{\cos{x} + \cos{x}\sin{x}}$

$= \frac{\sin{x} + 1}{\cos{x}(\sin{x} + 1)}$

$= \frac{1}{\cos{x}}$

$= \sec{x}$.

3. Originally Posted by dmak263
I think I've tried every way possible, except the correct way.
Write the identity algebraically
1) (1+csc x)/(cot x + cos x)=sec x

factor the expression and use the fundamental identities to simplify
2)sec^4 x - tan^4 x

rewrite the expression so that it is not in fractional form.
3)tan^2 x/csc x + 1
2. $\sec^4{x} - \tan^4{x} = (\sec^2{x})^2 - (\tan^2{x})^2$

$= (\sec^2{x} + \tan^2{x})(\sec^2{x} - \tan^2{x})$

$= \left(\frac{1}{\cos^2{x}} + \frac{\sin^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}\right)\left(\frac{1}{\ cos^2{x}} - \frac{\sin^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}\right)$

$= \left(\frac{1 + \sin^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}\right)\left(\frac{1 - \sin^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}\right)$

$= \left(\frac{1 + \sin^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}\right)\left(\frac{\cos^2{x}} {\cos^2{x}}\right)$

$= \frac{1 + \sin^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}$

$= \frac{1 + 1 - \cos^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}$

$= \frac{2 - \cos^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}$

$= \frac{2}{\cos^2{x}} - \frac{\cos^2{x}}{\cos^2{x}}$

$= 2\sec^2{x} - 1$.

4. Originally Posted by dmak263
I think I've tried every way possible, except the correct way.
Write the identity algebraically
1) (1+csc x)/(cot x + cos x)=sec x

factor the expression and use the fundamental identities to simplify
2)sec^4 x - tan^4 x

rewrite the expression so that it is not in fractional form.
3)tan^2 x/csc x + 1
3. Is this $\frac{\tan^2{x}}{\csc{x} + 1}$ or $\frac{\tan^2{x}}{\csc{x}} + 1$?

5. for #3, it's the first equation.

6. Originally Posted by Prove It
3. Is this $\frac{\tan^2{x}}{\csc{x} + 1}$ or $\frac{\tan^2{x}}{\csc{x}} + 1$?
Originally Posted by dmak263
for #3, it's the first equation.

Hi dmak263,

$\frac{\tan^2{x}}{\csc{x} + 1}$

Multiply top and bottom by $\csc x - 1$, and recall that $\csc^2 x-1=\cot^2 x$

$\frac{\tan^2 x(\csc x - 1)}{\csc^2 x - 1}=\frac{\tan^2 x(\csc x - 1)}{\cot^2 x}=\frac{\tan^2 x(\csc x - 1)}{\frac{1}{\tan^2 x}}=\tan^4 x(\csc x-1)$

7. I'm lost for words realizing how easy that was. Didn't see it at all. Thank you.