Well, I know I must be missing something 'cause I just don't understand how to simplify these trig expressions.

a) sin^3 + cos^3 / sin + cos

The book says the answer is.. 1 - sin * cos or something of the sort, don't really remember. Another one that's confusing me is

b) 2 - tan / 2csc - sec

The book says the answer to this one is sin.

In general, I really don't quite understand how to simplify these. I'm just confused.. can someone explain to me how to get this done? Any input would be appreciated 'cause this is starting to give me a headache. ={