I am supposed to model a graph without calculator from data points.
I have these data points (ages:2-20 with corresponding body mass index values):
Age(yrs) BMI
2 16.40
3 15.70
4 15.30
5 15.20
6 15.21
7 15.40
8 15.80
9 16.30
10 16.80
11 17.50
12 18.18
13 18.70
14 19.36
15 19.88
16 20.40
17 20.85
18 21.22
19 21.60
20 21.65
These points I have plotted in a graph and the from a pattern from which I should be able to make a sine function in the form: f(x)=asin(b(x+c))+d.
I am not completely sure of to find a,b,c and d. I know how to let the calculator find it, but not how to calculate it on my own. Please help?
I have calculated that d is the y length from the x-axis to the mid-point of the graph. Taking the min and max from my data points I get: (15.2+21.65)/2= 18.425
I am not sure if this i correct.. a should be the length from the mid-point of the graph to either the min or max point: 21.65-18.425= 3.225
b=(2π/period) in my example b=π/15
I know that c is moving the graph either left or right, but I do not know how to find it.
Hope I've been clear enough, first day here.. if i have been unclear please ask. I really need to get this done soon