# Trig Identities and finding real numbers

• Feb 3rd 2009, 05:16 PM
davisjl1
Trig Identities and finding real numbers
I am currently finishing a review of precal for my cal I class. It has been a little while since i have used this kind of math so i am at a stand still. I have five questions.

1. find and equivalent expression involving only sines and cosines, and then simplify it.

sin^2(x) +sin(x)-1+cos^2(x)

2. same as above except:

sec(x) +sin(x)

3.find sec(x) if tan(x)=3/4 and x is in quadrant one.

4. find all real numbers in the interval [0,2pi] that satisfy the equation:

2sin(x)cos(x)+cos(x)=0

5. same as #4 except:

sin(x)=1-2sin^2(x)

I struggled with these kind of problems when i was taking pre-cal. I would greatly appreciate it if someone could help me solve these and teach me a little more about the subject.
• Feb 3rd 2009, 05:32 PM
Jhevon
Quote:

Originally Posted by davisjl1
I am currently finishing a review of precal for my cal I class. It has been a little while since i have used this kind of math so i am at a stand still. I have five questions.

1. find and equivalent expression involving only sines and cosines, and then simplify it.

sin^2(x) +sin(x)-1+cos^2(x)

Hint: note that $-1 + \cos^2 x = -(1 - \cos^2 x) = - \sin^2 x$

Quote:

2. same as above except:

sec(x) +sin(x)
Hint: $\sec x = \frac 1{\cos x}$

Quote:

3.find sec(x) if tan(x)=3/4 and x is in quadrant one.
Hint: since we are in the first quadrant, the secant is positive. now note that $\sec^2 x = 1 + \tan^2 x$

Quote:

4. find all real numbers in the interval [0,2pi] that satisfy the equation:

2sin(x)cos(x)+cos(x)=0
Hint: factor out the common cosine, you get

$\cos x (2 \sin x + 1) = 0$

$\Rightarrow \cos x = 0$ or $2 \sin x + 1 = 0 \implies \sin x = - \frac 12$

now find $x$ ....you should know the values by heart that do this

Quote:

5. same as #4 except:

sin(x)=1-2sin^2(x)
Hint: note that you have

$2 \sin^2 x + \sin x - 1 = 0$

this is quadratic in $\sin x$ (if you let $y = \sin x$ you would have $2y^2 + y - 1 = 0$)

thus we can solve this for $\sin x$ like a quadratic equation. then we can find what $x$ is.
• Feb 4th 2009, 05:06 AM
davisjl1
Thank You Jhevon,

Ok now i got number one.

Number two i found a common denominator and ended up with sin+cos/sin*cos can this be simplified even more?

Number three i am still in the dark on this one.

Number four are the answers 2pi/3 and 4pi/3