I have a test on Monday over simple trig functions. I can work out all of the equations but I am having a really tough time with the word problems. Any help would be great. i will post a few probs here and if anyone is willing to help beyond that please let me know. thanks in advance.

A ladder 8.0m long is placed against a building. How high will the top of the ladder reach the building? In the picture it gives me the ladder at 8.0m which is the hypotenuse, and it gives me the adjacent angle of the ladder to the ground at 61 degrees.

A helicopter hovers 800 ft directly above a small island that is off the california coast. from the helicopter, the pilot takes a sighting to a point O directly ashore on the mainland, at the water's edge. If the angle of depression is 35 degrees, how far off the coast is the island?