actually, d gives the vertical shift
the horizontal shift is given by: in this form...
i prefer the form:
well, know where the graphs should begin and track where they shifted to. for instance, you know that sin(0) = 0. so if you have a function that you are interpreting to be a sine graph and you see that sin(0) = 1, say, you know the shift will be since you would see that for that graph. things like thatbut if from interpreting a graph i have to find the equation. how do i find Horizotial translation....
First off: Whoops ... my mistake. I gave the vertical shift ...... The horizontal shift is given by -c/b.
As far as looking at a graph is concerned, you can get the horizontal shift by looking at where a simple turning point should be without any shift (for y = sin x there's a max turning point at 90 degrees, for y = cos x there's a max turning point at x = 0) and then seeing how far it has been shifted ....