cot2x = (cosx+cos3x)/(sin3x+sinx) please list all steps. It's REALLY hard .thx

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- December 6th 2007, 07:11 PMbsothe1[SOLVED] Proof help!
cot2x = (cosx+cos3x)/(sin3x+sinx) please list all steps. It's REALLY hard .thx

- December 7th 2007, 12:25 AMticbol
cot(2x) = (cos(x) +cos(3x)) / (sin(3x) +sin(x)) -------(i)

Or, rewriting that,

cot(2x) = [cos(3x) +cos(x)] / [sin(3x) +sin(x)] -------(ii)

RHS of (ii) =

= [cos(3x) +cos(x)] / [sin(3x) +sin(x)]

Using trig identities:

cosA +cosB = 2cos((A+B)/2)cos((A-B)/2)

sinA +sinB = 2sin((A+B)/2)cos((A-B)/2),

= [2cos((3x+x)/2)cos((3x-x)/2)] / [2sin((3x+x)/2)cos((3x-x)/2)]

= cos(2x) / sin(2x)

= cot(2x)

= LHS

So, proven. - December 7th 2007, 06:52 AMSoroban
Hello, bsothe1!

If we are allowed the Sum-to-Product identities, it's easy.

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Quote:

The numerator is: .

The denominator is: .

The right side becomes: .