# "Understand Trigonometry" problem

• May 16th 2013, 06:39 PM
davidbarrett80850
"Understand Trigonometry" problem
I am (slowly) working my way through "Teach Yourself: Understand Trigonometry" by Hugh Neill and already I've encountered a problem which has me stumped.

Exercise 2.3, problem 4:

PQRS is a rectangle. A semicircle drawn with PQ as diameter cuts RS at A and B. The length PQ is 10cm, and angle BQP is 30 degrees. Calculate the length PS.

As I'm still working my way through some basic material from geometry I'm sure I'm missing something really obvious. I've sketched what I think the set-up should be:

Attachment 28393

and I'm thinking solving it has something to do with the geometry of a trapezoid but I'm just hitting walls! I should also point out that it's only in the second chapter of the book and so the problem must be solved using only basic rules of sine, cosine and tangent (SOHCAHTOA).

Help?!?
• May 16th 2013, 07:40 PM
ibdutt
Re: "Understand Trigonometry" problem
Join PB. Now angle PBQ is 90 degree { angle in a semicircle}. Also angle PQB = 30 degree given.
From right angle triangle PBQ: BQ/PQ = cos 30 . From here find BQ. Now angle BQR = 60 degree and you have just calculated BQ
proceed to get the side QR
OK
• May 17th 2013, 10:24 PM
Paze
Re: "Understand Trigonometry" problem
Hi. Along with Ibdutt's explanation, you can have a look at this: Thales' theorem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

That should shed some light on your problem and the explanation.
• May 18th 2013, 04:10 AM
davidbarrett80850
Re: "Understand Trigonometry" problem
Thanks for your help, guys. As expected, my incomplete knowledge of geometry was to blame - eagerly reviewing the chapter on circles now and everything making much more sense!