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Math Help - How to plot and generate sine wave

  1. #1
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    How to plot sine wave and generate table

    Hi All,

    Could someone tell me how to plot the graph and generate the table for y = 9 sin (Ɵ - 15) over 360 degree.

    The coordinates need to be a 15 degree intervals


    regards

    Bungouk
    Last edited by bungouk; December 28th 2012 at 11:21 PM. Reason: updated
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  2. #2
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    Hey bungouk.

    Are you aware of the taylor series for the sine function (in radians)? Do you know how to convert radians to degrees (or degrees to radians)?
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  3. #3
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    i'm not aware of the taylor series and yes i do know how to convert degrees to radians and and radians to degrees
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  4. #4
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    Here is more information on the Taylor series:

    Trigonometric functions - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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  5. #5
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    Are you not allowed to use a scientific calculator, or even to look them up in tables ??????
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  6. #6
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    yes i am allowed to as long as i show it on graph and a table
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  7. #7
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    Re: How to plot sine wave and generate table

    Quote Originally Posted by bungouk View Post
    Hi All,

    Could someone tell me how to plot the graph and generate the table for y = 9 sin (Ɵ - 15) over 360 degree.

    The coordinates need to be a 15 degree intervals


    regards

    Bungouk
    Don't bother using Taylor Series for this problem. You are expected to know the exact values of the sine of multiples of 30 degrees, and the others can be found using a half angle identity.
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  8. #8
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    Re: How to plot sine wave and generate table

    does the 9 represent the amplitude, what do i do with (Ɵ - 15) part
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  9. #9
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    Quote Originally Posted by bungouk View Post
    yes i am allowed to as long as i show it on graph and a table
    then get out your calculator and make a table ... sketch the coordinates on graph paper.
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails How to plot and generate sine wave-sinetable.gif  
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  10. #10
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    So, what, exactly is the question? If it is, as you initially said, to "graph and generate the table" with "15 degree intervals", then you just need to use your calculator (make sure it is set to "degree" measure, not radian) to to take \theta= 0, 15, 30, 45, ... 345, 360 so that \theta- 15= -15, 0, 15, 30, ... 330, 345 and so find 9sin(-15), 9 sin(0), 9 sin(15), 9 sin(30), 9 sin(45), ..., 9 sin(330), 9 sin(450) and plot those points.

    If, however, the problem is to use the "standard" graph, y= sin(x), and alter it to give y= 9 sin(x- 15), then, yes, "9" is the amplitude: sin(x) is always between-1 and 1 so that, no matter what \theta is, 9 sin(x- 15) is always between -9 and 9. One thing you could do is draw horizontal lines at y= -9 and y= 9 as guides. You know, I presume, that sin(x) is periodic with period 360 degrees, that it is 0 when x= 0, goes up to 1 when x= 90, down to 0 at x= 180, down to -1 at x= 270, back up to 0 at x= 360 and then repeats. Okay, when \theta- 15= 0, that is, when \theta= 15, 9sin(\theta- 15) is 0. When \theta- 15= 90, that is, when \theta= 105, 9sin(\theta - 15) is 9, when \theta- 15= 180, that is, when \theta= 195, [tex]9sin(\theta-15)= 0[k/tex], etc.
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  11. #11
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    Plot on a single sheet of graph paper the two following functions over 360o. Ensure both your axis are clearly labelled and that the graph is appropriately titled. Produce tables to generate all of the coordinates for both functions at approximately 15o intervals.

    a) Y = 9 sin (θ 15)
    b) Y = 5 cos (θ + 10)

    please see full question above
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  12. #12
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    Quote Originally Posted by bungouk View Post
    Plot on a single sheet of graph paper the two following functions over 360o. Ensure both your axis are clearly labelled and that the graph is appropriately titled. Produce tables to generate all of the coordinates for both functions at approximately 15o intervals.

    a) Y = 9 sin (θ 15)
    b) Y = 5 cos (θ + 10)

    please see full question above
    clear enough ... follow my advice in post #9
    Thanks from bungouk
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  13. #13
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    Re: How to plot and generate sine wave

    taking the sine of θ - 15, is what's known as a "phase shift".

    since you are going to find sine in 15 degree intervals anyway: do this:

    sin(0) = sin((15-15)) <---this is your value for θ = 15
    sin(15) = sin((30-15)) <--this is your value for θ = 30
    etc.

    remember to multiply everything by 9 when you're done. your answers will be numbers between -9 and 9 (if you get something of bigger absolute value than this, you've made a mistake, somewhere).

    some points are "easy" to find (all angles are in degrees):

    9sin(45-15) = 9sin(30) = 9/2 = 4.5

    9sin(60-15) = 9sin(45) = 9√2/2 ~ 6.364

    9sin(75-15) = 9sin(60) = 9√3/2 ~ 7.794

    9sin(105-15) = 9sin(90) = 9

    and so on. the "hard ones" to do are for θ = 30 and θ = 90 (which require finding sin(15) and sin(75)). after that, there is a pattern:

    A,B,C,D,E,F,G (for the first 7 15-degree increments, starting with θ = 15)
    F,E,D,C,B,A (for the next 6)
    -B,-C,-D,-E,-F,-G (for the next 6)
    -F,-E,-D,-C,-B (the next one would be A = 9sin(375-15) = 9sin(360) = 9sin(0) = 9sin(15-15), you've come "full circle").
    Last edited by Deveno; December 29th 2012 at 11:35 AM.
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  14. #14
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    Re: How to plot sine wave and generate table

    Just draw the curve for sine function.
    Now you have to make adjustments as explained:
    For the function f(x) = A sin(Bx + C ) + D
    A gives the amplitude, B the period, C the horizontal shift and D the vertical shift. I am sure this would help you.
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