1. ## XYZ Coordinate on Sphere. Known Info: Radius, latitude, longitude

Title says it all. I need to find the x,y,z coordinate on the surface of a sphere where the origin is 0,0,0 at the center of the sphere. The known information is the radius, latitude, and longitude.

2. ## Re: XYZ Coordinate on Sphere. Known Info: Radius, latitude, longitude

If $\theta$ is the longitude and $\phi$ is the latitude, the coordinate transformations are similar to if you were using spherical polar coordinate convention.

$x = R \cos{\theta} \cos{\phi}$

$y = R \cos{\theta} \sin{\phi}$

$z = R \sin{\theta}$

The difference between geographic convention (G) and spherical polar convention (SP) is in the definition of $\theta$. In G, this angle takes on the value 0 at the equator, 90 at the north pole and -90 at the south pole. In SP theta has 0 at the north pole and increases to 180 at the south pole. The difference in the transformations is that $\sin{\theta}$ and $\cos{\theta}$ are switched between conventions.