means we are in the second quadrant. so we should know that only sine (and cosecant) is positive.

recall your trig ratios. etc.

knowing the cosine ratio, we can draw the right-triangle as you see below, with one acute angle , with the adjacent side 4 and the hypotenuse 5. we can find the missing side by Pythagoras' theorem. now we can use the trig ratios to find the value of the other trig functions.

A) tan θ

remember, the answer should be negative

B) Sin θ

remember, the answer should be positive

use the addition formula for sine:C) sin (θ + 2π/3)

use the double angle formula for cosine:D) cos 2 θ

EDIT: or you could use formulas. for instance, recall that: . you can use that to solve for sine if given cosine.