Find general solution for the following

1. $\displaystyle \cos{3x}=2\cos{x}-\sqrt{3}\sin{3x}$

2. $\displaystyle \cos{(2x+60^o)}=\sin{x}$

can anyone help?

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- Sep 16th 2007, 10:45 PMacc100jtQuestions on trigo. equation
Find general solution for the following

1. $\displaystyle \cos{3x}=2\cos{x}-\sqrt{3}\sin{3x}$

2. $\displaystyle \cos{(2x+60^o)}=\sin{x}$

can anyone help? - Sep 17th 2007, 03:35 AMJhevon
expand using the addition and double angle formulas and then see what you can do.

recall:

$\displaystyle \cos 2 \theta = \cos^2 \theta - \sin^2 \theta = 2 \cos^2 \theta - 1 = 1 - 2 \sin^2 \theta$

$\displaystyle \sin 2 \theta = 2 \sin \theta \cos \theta$

$\displaystyle \cos ( \alpha + \beta ) = \cos \alpha \cos \beta - \sin \alpha \sin \beta$

note: $\displaystyle \cos 3 x = \cos (2x + x)$ and $\displaystyle \sin 3x = \sin (2x + x)$ - Sep 17th 2007, 09:57 AMred_dog
$\displaystyle \cos 3x+\sqrt{3}\sin 3x=2\cos x$

Divide both members by 2:

$\displaystyle \displaystyle\frac{1}{2}\cos 3x+\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\sin 3x=\cos x$

$\displaystyle \cos 60^{\circ}\cos 3x+\sin 60^{\circ}\sin 3x=\cos x$

$\displaystyle \cos(60^{\circ}-3x)=\cos x$

$\displaystyle \cos(60^{\circ}-3x)-\cos x=0$

$\displaystyle \displaystyle 2\sin(2x-30^{\circ})\sin (30^{\circ}-x)=0$

Now, continue. - Sep 17th 2007, 10:56 AMticbol
Umm, these are really very hard to solve. Need tricks.

Even when I was yet in High School, I resort to iteration, or trial and error, in solving equations that I didn't know how to solve the usual ways.

Problem 1 is is a good candidate for my iteration.

By luck, or because of the sqrt(3) in the equation, I tried first, x = 30degrees.

cos(3*30deg) =? 2cos(30deg) -sqrt(3)*sin(3*30deg)

cos(90deg) =? 2cos(30deg) -sqrt(3)*sin(90deg)

0 =? 2[sqrt(3) / 2] -sqrt(3)*(1)

0 =? sqrt(3) -sqrt(3)

0 =? 0

Yes, so x = 30deg is OK.

I was just lucky to hit it in one try only. So, 30deg is a solution. There might be some more but I don't know how, or I don't want, to continue after that.

------------------------------

For the second problem, another trick.

cos(2x +60deg) = sin(x) ----------(ii)

Expanding that will lead to an equation that is as complicated as the first one, so another dip into our bag of tricks:

We know that cosA = sin(90deg -A).

That means A +(90deg -A) = 90 deg.

Or, cosA = sinB -----if angles A and B are complementary.

So, using that on (ii),

(2x +60deg) +x = 90deg

3x = 90 -60

x = 30/3

x = 10 deg ------------a solution.

Check,

cos(2*10deg +60deg) =? sin(10deg)

cos(80deg) =? sin(10deg)

Using a calculator,

0.173648178 =? 0.173648178

Yes, so, x = 10 degrees is correct. - Sep 17th 2007, 07:01 PMJhevon