If I know a coordinate of a point (red dot on image) of a circle with radius x and i want to rotate it y degrees to the right, how do I get the coordinate of the new point (blue dot on image) ?
As you are seeking a pair of co-ordinates
you could set up a pair of equations in 2 unknowns.
If the circle centre is the origin, then
where the other co-ordinates are known.
Then the area of the triangle between the origin and the 2 points is
and so, your 2nd equation is, using the area of a triangle for which one vertex is the origin
However, a trigonometric solution will be much simpler.
If you label the acute angle between the negative part of the x-axis, the origin and the red dot "A",
your given angle "B",
and the obtuse angle between the positive part of the x-axis and the blue dot "C",
then use the given co-ordinates to calculate the circle radius and the angle "A",
then calculate "C" and use