First thing you will need to do is graph the function, to see how many solutions you are expecting. You need to square both sides of the function to solve this equation, and squaring could bring in extraneous solutions.
Now disregard any extraneous solutions.
as sin(x) and cos(x) are negative there.
We can examine whether there is a solution in the 1st quadrant, where both are positive.
The turning point occurs when sin(x) = cos(x)
hence the first quadrant contains a maximum as
More significantly, the tangent slope is always decreasing in the first quadrant,
hence the minimum values in the first quadrant occur either side of the maximum at
where f(x) =1 in both cases.
Hence, there is no solution in the first quadrant either.
There are certainly solutions in the 2nd and 4th quadrants, since sin(x) and cos(x)
have opposite sign there.
We can use the fact that
coupled with the identity
and this gives the 2nd quadrant solution.
Try the 4th quadrant solution.
Hint: You'll need to reverse the signs of cos(x) and sin(x)
using the fact that the sum of 2 sides of a triangle is greater than the 3rd side.
This rules out the 1st and 3rd quadrants.
Then you can find the 2nd quadrant solution using
Then to get the 4th quadrant solution, rotate the triangle to the position
shown in the attachment to get