trigonometry : multiple choice problems

1. A tower 150m high is situated at the top of a hill. At a point 650m down the hill the angle between the surface of the hill and the line of sight to the top of the tower is 12 degrees 30 minutes. Find the inclination of the hill to the horizontal plane.

Choices

a. 5 degrees 54 minutes

b. 7 degrees 10 minutes

c. 6 degrees 12 minutes

d. 7 degrees 50 minutes

Comment: With a calculator, Number 2 below seems to have no correct choices

when i substitute the equation with any angle

2. Evaluate 2tan(alpha) / (1+tan^2{alpha})

a. 2\sin{\alpha}

b.2\cos{\alpha}

c. 2\sec{\alpha}

d. 2\csc{\alpha}

3. three circles with centers A, B and C have respective radii 50, 30 and 20 inches and are tangent to each other externally. Find the area in (in^2) of the curvilinear triangle formed by the three circles

a. 142

b. 152

c. 146

d. 148

please guide me the steps in solving problem # 1 and # 3, problem 2 is easy but the answer seems not to be there