• Apr 28th 2011, 10:48 AM
uruleo
I hope you can help me on to the next problem!

I need to enter a ladder to a tower (not considered wide). What is the minimum height of the door (h) that makes this possible?

How I can solve this problem?

Thanks!!
• Apr 28th 2011, 11:32 PM
earboth
Quote:

Originally Posted by uruleo
I hope you can help me on to the next problem!

I need to enter a ladder to a tower (not considered wide). What is the minimum height of the door (h) that makes this possible?

How I can solve this problem?

Thanks!!

1. I've drawn a sketch of the worst case. (see attachment)

2. You get 2 similar triangles. Use proportions:

$\displaystyle \dfrac hy = \dfrac x{27}~\implies~y = \dfrac{27 h}{x}$

3. Use the Pythagorean theorem:

$\displaystyle (h+x)^2+(27+y)^2=125^2$

4. Replace y by the term of #2 and solve for h:

$\displaystyle h(x)=\dfrac{x(125-\sqrt{x^2+729})}{\sqrt{x^2+729}}$

5. Differentiate h wrt x. Solve $\displaystyle \frac{dh}{dx} = 0$ for x. You should come out with x = 36. Which means that the minimum value of h = 64.
Spoiler:
for confirmation only: $\displaystyle h'(x)= \dfrac{91125-\sqrt{(x^2+729)^3}}{\sqrt{(x^2+729)^3}}$
• Apr 29th 2011, 06:29 AM
uruleo
Thanks!! (Clapping)

But i did not understand the step 4..
• Apr 29th 2011, 10:45 AM
earboth
Quote:

Originally Posted by uruleo
Thanks!! (Clapping)

But i did not understand the step 4..

I'm not sure what you mean ...(?)

1. You have $\displaystyle y = \dfrac{27h}x$ and $\displaystyle (h+x)^2+(27+y)^2=125^2$ which becomes:

$\displaystyle (h+x)^2+\left(27 + \frac{27h}x\right)^2=125^2$

$\displaystyle (h+x)^2+\left(\frac{27}{x}\right)^2 (x+h)^2=125^2$

$\displaystyle (h+x)^2=\dfrac{125^2x^2}{x^2+27^2}$

2. Can you take it from here?
• May 3rd 2011, 06:51 PM
uruleo
I think I got it, but I would appreciate if you specify each of the steps.