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Math Help - I don't get it

  1. #1
    Newbie
    Joined
    Jan 2006
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    Unhappy I don't get it

    I don't understand one part of these questions.

    .. Express each value as a function of an anlge in Quadrant 1.

    35. cos 562 degrees
    37. sin (-792degrees)
    39. sec (sec (-210)


    like the example question, tan 315 degrees

    tan 315 degrees=sin 315 degrees/cos 315 degrees
    = -sin 45 degrees/cos 45 degrees
    = -tan 45 degrees


    ok, first of all, how do you know which case to use in the symmetry identities? There are four cases. The textbook does not explain very well. Please give me a better understanding.
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor
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    Quote Originally Posted by mathAna1ys!5
    I don't understand one part of these questions.

    .. Express each value as a function of an anlge in Quadrant 1.

    35. cos 562 degrees
    37. sin (-792degrees)
    39. sec (sec (-210)


    like the example question, tan 315 degrees

    tan 315 degrees=sin 315 degrees/cos 315 degrees
    = -sin 45 degrees/cos 45 degrees
    = -tan 45 degrees


    ok, first of all, how do you know which case to use in the symmetry identities? There are four cases. The textbook does not explain very well. Please give me a better understanding.
    Okay also, let me show one way to do it. This way may not be the way shown in your book.

    So the angles are greater than 90 degrees. The first quadrant is from 0 to 90 degrees only. Hence, find an angle from 0 to 90 degrees that will represent the given large degree, meaning, get the acute angle based from the x-axis. Like plot the given large degree on the x,y axes setup.
    Then use the given trig function on the equivalent acute angle.

    Your tan(315deg).
    315 degrees is in the 4th quadrant. It is 45deg less than a complete 360deg.
    So, using the given trig function, tan(315deg) = tan(45deg) in the 4th quadrant.
    Tangent in the 4th quadrant is negative. So, tan(315deg) = -tan(45deg).

    cos(562deg)
    562 -360 = 202
    202 -180 = 22, so 562deg is in the 3rd quadrant. It is 22deg in the 3rd quadrant.
    Cosine is negative in the 3rd quadrant, hence, cos(562deg) = -cos(22deg).

    sin(-792deg)
    Negative angle means it is meaured clockwise.
    792 -(360 +360) = 792 -720 = 72.
    If you plot that on the x,y axes, you start from the positive side of the x-axis, then go clockwise 360deg---4th quadrant, 3rd quadrant, 2nd quadrant, 1st quadrant---, another 360deg, until you stop at the the 4th quadrant.
    So, -792deg is 72deg in the 4th quadrant.
    Sine is negative in the 4th quadrant, so, sin(-792deg) = -sin(72deg).

    sec(-210deg)
    Go clockwise, -210deg stops in the 2nd quadrant. It is 210-180 = 30deg from the negative side of the x-axis.
    Secant, or 1/cos, is negative in the 2nd quadrant, so,
    sec(-210deg) = -sec(30deg).

    --------------
    Do you know why any trig function is positive or negative in any of the four quadrants?
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  3. #3
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    Talking

    yes, thank you. I understand it now.
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