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Math Help - Set notation

  1. #1
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    Set notation

    When someone writes for instance "Solutions are x = 30, 150, 270." is this an old fashioned set notation? It obviously does not have braces.
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  2. #2
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    No, this is a shorthand for "Solutions are x = 30, x = 150, and x = 270." Writing "x = {30, 150, 270}" would be a type mismatch because x is a number (presumably, a solution to an equation), while the right-hand side is a set of numbers. One could write, "The set of solutions is {30, 150, 270}," though this sounds too pedantic. Another way is, "x is a solution iff x\in\{30, 150, 270\}."
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  3. #3
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    What about {x: 30, 50, 270}?
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  4. #4
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    This notation is not correct because what is right of : must be a predicate, or property, i.e., something that is either true or false for each value of x. What you have is numbers, which are neither true nor false. You could write {x : x = 30 or x = 50 or x = 270}, but this is the same set as {30, 50, 270}.
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