# phase shift

• Dec 13th 2010, 04:22 PM
Chr2010
phase shift
A ferris wheel has a diametre of 50.5 metre and takes 2 min to complete a rotation. The lowest point is 2.5 metres from the ground.

I need to write an equation to represent the graph. So far I have y=25.25sin(3x-b)+27.75.

How do I calcualte the phase shift? Is my equation completely off?

Thanks,
Christine
• Dec 13th 2010, 04:30 PM
Prove It
If you had a sine graph of the form $\displaystyle y = a\sin{(bx - c)} + d$,

Your amplitude $\displaystyle a = 25.25$ is correct.

Your vertical translation $\displaystyle d = 27.75$ is correct.

Your calculation of $\displaystyle b$ is incorrect.

The period is $\displaystyle 2$, so you should have $\displaystyle 2 = \frac{2\pi}{b}$

$\displaystyle b = \frac{2\pi}{2} = \pi$.

So you should have $\displaystyle y = 25.25\sin{(\pi x - c)} + 27.75$.

To evaluate the phase shift, you need a coordinate on the graph. Do you know the height when the ferris wheel starts?
• Dec 13th 2010, 05:05 PM
Chr2010
The ferris wheel is 2.5metres above the ground.
• Dec 13th 2010, 05:07 PM
Chr2010
how did u determine the period is 2?
• Dec 13th 2010, 05:20 PM
Prove It
Because it says it takes 2 mins to complete a rotation.

And I know it's 2.5m above the ground. I'm asking, what is the height of the basket when it starts? It's the height of one particular basket that is being graphed...
• Dec 13th 2010, 05:29 PM
Chr2010
oh... no it does not... your help is greatly appreciated!
• Dec 13th 2010, 06:04 PM
Prove It
Then I expect you can assume it starts at the bottom, where the height is 2.5m.

So you have a point $\displaystyle (x, y) = (0, 2.5)$.

Substitute this into your equation and you can solve for $\displaystyle c$.