I'm not looking for answers, I simply do not know how to set up this problem.
I figured so far that I have a 45-45-90 triangle with a hypotenuse of sqrt(2) so each other side must be = 1. (since bearing of 135=45deg in triangle from your boat to ship)
After that I don't know where to go or what trig functions to use (we are currenly studying trig sum formulas if that helps). Any direction at all would be helpful!
A ship is moving due west at 8 knots. You are in a speed boat nautical miles directly southeast of the ship. (Thus your bearing as seen from the ship is 135 degrees.) You need to catch up with the ship, and you can move at a speed of 16 knots. So you take off at a bearing of degrees ______, and you reach the ship in ________ minutes.
Hint: Draw two right triangles.