Hmm I'll try to unstress. Let's let . This is the same as

First graph

So we have the modified version:

Read over this first: Algebra (Math 1314) - Common Graphs - Transformations

So we have a reflection over the x - axis since the negative is outside paranthesis. Then a horizontal stretch be a factor of 5.

Also a vertical shift by a factor of 3.

So this means everytime you find a point for then you reflect it over the x - axis with a horizontal stretch w/a factor of 5 and move it up 3 units vertically.

Now for the next:

This one is much tougher. Read through this and try:

Function Transformations / Translations: Basic Rules