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Math Help - solving a trig equation

  1. #1
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    solving a trig equation

    hello

    I am thinking this should factorise as the difference of 2 squares or be converted using trig identities

    I just keep hitting dead ends though



    Any help would be appreciated
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by 200001 View Post
    hello

    I am thinking this should factorise as the difference of 2 squares or be converted using trig identities

    I just keep hitting dead ends though



    Any help would be appreciated
    Divide through by \cos^2\phi. Then you'll have a quadratic equation for \tan\phi.
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  3. #3
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    Great, that sorts it
    how do i decide on future problems what to divide by?
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  4. #4
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    Hello, 200001!

    This is not a difference of two squares . . .


    3\sin^2\!\theta - \sin\theta\cos\theta - 4\cos^2\!\theta \:=\:0

    Factor: . (\sin\theta + \cos\theta)(3\sin\theta - 4\cos\theta) \:=\:0


    And we have two equations to solve:

    \sin\theta \;+\; \cos\theta \:=\:0 \quad\Rightarrow\quad \sin\theta \:=\:-\cos\theta \quad\Rightarrow\quad \frac{\sin\theta}{\cos\theta} \:=\:-1 \quad\Rightarrow\quad \tan\theta \:=\:-1
    . . Hence: . \theta \:=\:\arctan(-1)

    3\sin\theta \;-\; 4\cos\theta \:=\:0 \quad\Rightarrow\quad 3\sin\theta \:=\:4\cos\theta \quad\Rightarrow\quad \frac{\sin\theta}{\cos\theta} \:=\:\frac{4}{3} \quad\Rightarrow\quad \tan\theta \:=\:\frac{4}{3}
    . . Hence: . \theta \:=\:\arctan\left(\tfrac{4}{3}\right)

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  5. #5
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    Quote Originally Posted by 200001 View Post
    Great, that sorts it
    how do i decide on future problems what to divide by?
    With fairly basic trig, you pretty much have less than 10 options total, and you can usually rule several of those out just by looking at what trig functions are being used. for example, in your problem you could have also divided by sin^2, but you would not have really wanted to use something like secant to tangent. You learn mostly with practice.
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