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Math Help - trig identity

  1. #1
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    trig identity

    I spent 1 hour just trying to solve this, but I don't get it
    need some help, thanks
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  2. #2
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    Lexington, MA (USA)
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    Hello, livmed!

    "Solve" is the wrong word.
    You want to prove the identity.


    <br />
\left(\frac{\sin x + \tan x}{\dfrac{1}{\sin x} + \cot x}\right)^2 \;=\; \frac{\sin^2\!x + \tan^2\!x}{\dfrac{1}{\sin^2\!x} + \cot^2\!x}

    The left side: . \left(\frac{\sin x + \tan x}{\dfrac{1}{\sin x} + \cot x}\right)^2 \;=\;\left(\frac{\sin x + \dfrac{\sin x}{\cos x}}{\dfrac{1}{\sin x} + \dfrac{\cos x}{\sin x}}\right)^2

    . . . . . . =\; \left(\frac{\sin x\left(1 + \dfrac{1}{\cos x}\right)} {\dfrac{1+\cos x}{\sin x}}\right)^2 \;=\;\left(\frac{\sin x\left(\dfrac{\cos x + 1}{\cos x}\right)}{\dfrac{1+\cos x}{\sin x}}\right)^2 . =\; \left(\frac{\sin^2\!x}{\cos x}\right)^2 \;=\;\frac{\sin^4\!x}{\cos^2\!x}



    \text{Multiply by }\frac{1+\cos^2\!x}{1+\cos^2\!x}\!:\quad\frac{\sin  ^2\!x\cdot\sin^2\!x}{\cos^2\!x}\cdot\frac{1+\cos^2  \!x}{1 + \cos^2\!x} \;=\;\frac{\sin^2\!x}{\cos^2\!x}\cdot\frac{1+\cos^  2\!x}{\dfrac{1+\cos^2\!x}{\sin^2\!x}}

    . . . . . . =\; \frac{\tan^2\!x(1 + \cos^2\!x)}{\dfrac{1+\cos^2\!x}{\sin^2\!x}} \;=\;\frac{\tan^2\!x + \tan^2\!x\cos^2\!x}{\dfrac{1}{\sin^2\!x} + \dfrac{\cos^2\!x}{\sin^2\!x}}

    . . . . . . = \;\frac{\tan^2\!x + \sin^2\!x}{\dfrac{1}{\sin^2\!x} + \cot^2\!x}


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