# probability

• Nov 18th 2006, 05:30 AM
si55ler
probability

Two students Alan and Brenda are due to take an examination. The probability that Alan will pass is 3/5 the probability that Brenda will fail is 4/7.

a) calculate the probability that both will fail

b) calculate the probability that only one will pass

c) if Brenda fails the probability that she will pass next time is 2/5

(i) calculate the probability that Brenda fails again
(ii) calculate the probability that Brenda passes having taken the examination for a second time
• Nov 18th 2006, 11:34 AM
CaptainBlack
Quote:

Originally Posted by si55ler

Two students Alan and Brenda are due to take an examination. The probability that Alan will pass is 3/5 the probability that Brenda will fail is 4/7.

a) calculate the probability that both will fail

That A and B pass/fail are independent events so the probability that
they both fail:

P(A fails and B fails)=P(A fails) P(B fails) = (1-3/5) x 4/7 = 8/35

Quote:

b) calculate the probability that only one will pass
P(only one will pass) =P(A pass and B fails) + P(A fails and B pass)=(3/5)x(4/7) + (2/5)x(3/7)=...

Quote:

c) if Brenda fails the probability that she will pass next time is 2/5

(i) calculate the probability that Brenda fails again
This is a bit vaguely worded, but given that B has failed the probability that she
fails the second time is 1 minus the probability that she passes the second time = 3/5.

Quote:

(ii) calculate the probability that Brenda passes having taken the examination for a second time
The wording of this is even more ambiguous, the best I can make of what is asked is 2/5,
but I don't think that is what is intended.

RonL