4. On friday morning a pro shop has 14 cans of tennis balls. if they were all sold by sunday night, how many different ways could they have been sold on Friday Sat. ans Sunday?
I will assume the cans are indistinguishable. Let's take it day by day. Let F be the number sold on Friday, and SA be the number sold on Saturday, and SU the number sold on Sunday.
Friday: 0 through 14 cans could be sold
Saturday: if Friday was 0, then there are 15 different possibilities (0-14)
if Friday was 1, then there are 14 different possibilities (0-13)
Sunday: SU = 14 - S - F. in other words, given what happened on Friday and Saturday, what happened on Sunday is already determined (since you know 14 total were sold).
So now we can add up the cases:
if F = 0: 15 cases
if F = 1: 14 cases
if F = 2: 13 cases
if F = 13: 2 case
if F = 14: 1 case
So the total number of cases is the sum of 1 through 15: (15*16/2) = 120.