Results 1 to 2 of 2

Math Help - Probability Question

  1. #1
    Newbie
    Joined
    Jul 2008
    Posts
    3

    Probability Question

    Hey all. I would really appreciate it if someone could help me out with this question. Thanks!

    In a sales campaign, a petrol company gives each motorist who buys their petrol a card with a picture of a film star on it. There are 10 different pictures, one each of 10 different film stars, and any motorist who collects a complete set of all 10 pictures gets a free gift. On any occasion when a motorist buys petrol, the card received is equally likely to carry any one of the 10 pictures in the set. Two of the ten film stars in the set are X and Y.

    Find the probability that the first four cards received results in the motorist having

    (i) all different pictures
    (ii) exactly three different pictures
    (iii) a picture of X or of Y or of both.

    At a certain stage, the motorist has collected nine of the ten pictures. Find the least value of n such that P(at most n more cards are needed to complete the set) > 0.99
    Follow Math Help Forum on Facebook and Google+

  2. #2
    MHF Contributor
    Grandad's Avatar
    Joined
    Dec 2008
    From
    South Coast of England
    Posts
    2,570

    Probability

    Hello somethingsmells
    Quote Originally Posted by somethingsmells View Post
    Hey all. I would really appreciate it if someone could help me out with this question. Thanks!

    In a sales campaign, a petrol company gives each motorist who buys their petrol a card with a picture of a film star on it. There are 10 different pictures, one each of 10 different film stars, and any motorist who collects a complete set of all 10 pictures gets a free gift. On any occasion when a motorist buys petrol, the card received is equally likely to carry any one of the 10 pictures in the set. Two of the ten film stars in the set are X and Y.

    Find the probability that the first four cards received results in the motorist having

    (i) all different pictures
    (ii) exactly three different pictures
    (iii) a picture of X or of Y or of both.

    At a certain stage, the motorist has collected nine of the ten pictures. Find the least value of n such that P(at most n more cards are needed to complete the set) > 0.99
    (i) Since any of the cards can be chosen from all 10, there are 10^4 possible choices of 4 cards. Also, there are 10 x 9 x 8 x 7 ways of arranging four different cards. (Can you explain why?) So the probability that all four are different is \frac{10 \times 9\times 8 \times 7}{10^4}.


    (ii) We have to arrange 4 cards in order, 2 of which are the same, and the remaining 2 different. There are \frac{4 \times 3}{2} = 6 ways of choosing the positions which the identical cards will occupy, and then 10 ways of choosing which card this will be. There are then 9 x 8 ways of arranging the two remaining cards around these two. Total: 6 x 10 x 9 x 8. So the probability of obtaining exactly three different cards is ...?

    (iii) How many of the 10^4 combinations will contain X but not Y? Y but not X? both X and Y? Add these numbers together, and then work out the probability that one of these combinations is chosen.

    For the final part, once 9 different cards have been obtained, the probability that the next card completes the set is 0.1. So the probability it does not complete the set is 0.9. The probability that neither of the next two cards completes the set is therefore 0.9^2. In a similar way, the probability that none of the next n cards completes the set is 0.9^n. This must be less than 0.01, if we are to have a probability of success > 0.99.

    Can you complete the question now?

    Grandad
    Last edited by Grandad; January 18th 2009 at 06:19 PM. Reason: Logical error in my reasoning
    Follow Math Help Forum on Facebook and Google+

Similar Math Help Forum Discussions

  1. Replies: 5
    Last Post: February 10th 2013, 02:11 PM
  2. Probability question involving (A given B type question )
    Posted in the Advanced Statistics Forum
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: November 9th 2009, 09:08 AM
  3. Probability Question
    Posted in the Advanced Statistics Forum
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: September 2nd 2009, 06:57 AM
  4. Probability Question
    Posted in the Discrete Math Forum
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: November 25th 2007, 08:16 PM
  5. A probability question and an Expectations question
    Posted in the Advanced Statistics Forum
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: January 29th 2006, 06:13 PM

Search Tags


/mathhelpforum @mathhelpforum