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- January 8th 2009, 06:38 PM #1

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## help me plz

i have never taken any probability classes but when i was studying for the SAT and saw this problem!!!!!!!! plz help me!!

A committe is to consist of four members. if there are seven men and seven women avaiable to serve the committee, how many different committees can be formed?

when i checked for the answer it was 1001, but i have no idea why?!!

plz try to used simple math terms while solving the problem

- January 8th 2009, 06:46 PM #2

- January 8th 2009, 07:05 PM #3

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- January 8th 2009, 07:12 PM #4

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- January 8th 2009, 07:21 PM #5

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- January 8th 2009, 07:22 PM #6
Do you have any experience with problems where you have to choose r objects from n objects ....? Read this: Combinatorics - GMAT Study Guide

- January 9th 2009, 04:57 AM #7

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There are 14 people you may choose from so there are 14 ways to choose the first person on the commitee. That leaves 13 ways to choose the next person, 12 ways to choose the third, and 11 ways to choose the fourth.

That means there are 14(13)(12)(11) ways to choose them IN THAT ORDER. But if we had 4 specific people and wanted to know how many different order the could be picked in we could use the same argument: there are 4 ways to decide who is first, 3 ways to decide who is second, 2 ways to decide who is third and 1 person left to be last: 4(3)(2)(1).

Because in a committee (as opposed to choosing, say, a president, vicepresident, secretary and treasurer) order is not important, to discount those different orders for choosing the same 4 people we must divide by the number of different orders:

14(13)(12)(11)/4(3)(2)1= 1001.

Since 4(3)(2)1 can be abreviated "4!" we could also write that number as

14(13)(12)(11)(10)...(3)(2)1/[{4(3)(2)(1)}{10(9)...(3)(2)(1)}] where I have multiplied both numerator and denominator by 10(9)...(3)(2)(1) so I can write it as 14!/(4!)(10!)= .