a basket has 3 oranges 4 apples & 3 MANGOES. IN HOW MANY WAYS 2 FRUITS CAN BE CHOSEN FROM THE BASKET ? HOW MANY OF THEM WILL CONTAIN AN ORANGE.
I assume the fruits don't have to be different (you don't say one way or the other so I assume so).
There are 10 fruit altogether and you want to choose 2: .
Two methods:
1. If there's no oranges then you are choosing 2 fruit from 7: . So the number of combinations with oranges will be .
2. (Choose 1 orange from 3 and 1 non-orange from 7) + (Choose 2 oranges from 3 and 0 non-orange from 7): .
Both methods obviously give the same answer.