38 Elton bought a pack of 16 baseball cards. He sorted them by position and noted that he had pictures of 4 pitchers, 5 outfielders, and 7 infielders.
a A single card is chosen from the pack at random. Find the probability that
(1) the card shows an outfielder
(2) the card does not show a pitcher
b Two cards are randomly chosen from the pack of 16 cards without
replacement. Find the probability that
(1) both cards show outfielders
(2) neither card shows a pitcher