38 Elton bought a pack of 16 baseball cards. He sorted them by position and noted that he had pictures of 4 pitchers, 5 outfielders, and 7 infielders.

aA single card is chosen from the pack at random. Find the probability that

(1) the card shows an outfielder

(2) the card does not show a pitcher

bTwo cards are randomly chosen from the pack of 16 cards without

replacement. Find the probability that

(1) both cards show outfielders

(2) neither card shows a pitcher