2) Stop, Breathe
3) Think throug each problem ONE STEP AT A TIME.
4) WRITE DOWN more than you think you need.
Let's try the first one.
Rule #1 - Name Stuff
Reading the problem, we're going to need to know the price of Apples and the Price of Bananas and the Price of Pears.
A = Price of 1 Apple
B = Price of 1 Banana
P = Price of 1 Pear
Read and Translate.
"Five apples and six bananas together cost as much as 8 bananas and 9 pears"
5A + 5B = 8B + 9P
"one apple cost as much as 2 pears "
A = 2P
"for the same price as 1 pear, how many bananas could be bought?"
P = xB
Your task is to solve for x.
Let's see what you get.