1. ## hexagon identity

Can anyone prove the below given identity?
I am giving it a try I also want someone else to verify!

Suppose that k and n are integers with 1<k<=n. Prove the hexagon identity
which relates terms in Pascal's triangle that form a hexagon.

$
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n-1\\k-1\end{array}\right) \left(\begin{array}{cc}n\\k+1\end{array}\right)
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n+1\\k\end{array}\right) =
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n-1\\k\end{array}\right)
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n\\k-1\end{array}\right)
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n+1\\k+1\end{array}\right)
$

2. Originally Posted by robocop_911
Can anyone prove the below given identity?
I am giving it a try I also want someone else to verify!

Suppose that k and n are integers with 1<k<=n. Prove the hexagon identity
which relates terms in Pascal's triangle that form a hexagon.

$
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n-1\\k-1\end{array}\right) \left(\begin{array}{cc}n\\k+1\end{array}\right)
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n+1\\k\end{array}\right) =
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n-1\\k\end{array}\right)
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n\\k-1\end{array}\right)
\left(\begin{array}{cc}n+1\\k+1\end{array}\right)
$
The easiest way is to just write out the terms for each side:
Left hand side:
${{n - 1} \choose {k - 1}} {{n} \choose {k + 1}} {{n + 1} \choose {k}} = \frac{(n - 1)!}{(k - 1)!(n - k)!} \cdot \frac{n!}{(k + 1)!(n - k - 1)!} \cdot \frac{(n + 1)!}{k!(n + 1 - k)!}$

You do the right hand side.

By the way, check out how I did the coding. It's much easier.

-Dan

3. Originally Posted by topsquark
The easiest way is to just write out the terms for each side:
Left hand side:
${{n - 1} \choose {k - 1}} {{n} \choose {k + 1}} {{n + 1} \choose {k}} = \frac{(n - 1)!}{(k - 1)!(n - k)!} \cdot \frac{n!}{(k + 1)!(n - k - 1)!} \cdot \frac{(n + 1)!}{k!(n + 1 - k)!}$

You do the right hand side.
-Dan

Can we "simplify" this identity a bit more? Or we just have to convert this identity into "factorial" form and we are done?

4. Originally Posted by robocop_911
Can we "simplify" this identity a bit more? Or we just have to convert this identity into "factorial" form and we are done?
Why simplify? All you need to do is show that both sides are equal. When you write out the right hand side you will see that you have the same terms in the numerator and denominator.

-Dan

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