1. ## Multiplication Law?

This is a probability problem on a past exam for my university. It asks....

A test correctly identifies a disease in 95% of people who have it. I correctly identifies no disease in 94% of people who don't have it. In the population, 5% of people have this disease. A person is tested at random.

1. What is the probability that they will test positive?
2. what is the probability that they have the disease given that they tested positive.

I'm useless at probability but I have a feeling that this has something to do with the multiplication law. I just can't seem to figure out how this would be done. I know that the second part would be like...

P(person actually has the disease | person tested positive)

Could anyone point me in the right direction??

3. Ok, I had a belt at this, here's what i have.

A = probability the the person has the disease (.05).
B = probability that the person hasn't got the disease (.95).
C = probability of detecting the disease if present (.95).
D = probability of detecting no disease if not present (.94).

P(person tests positive) = (0.05 * 0.95) + (0.95 * 0.06 (ŹD)) = 0.1045

So a person will test positive about 10% of the time, is this right or at least close to it??

And thank you Colby, you defo pointed me in the right direction .

4. Originally Posted by Malicant
Ok, I had a belt at this, here's what i have.

A = probability the the person has the disease (.05).
B = probability that the person hasn't got the disease (.95).
C = probability of detecting the disease if present (.95).
D = probability of detecting no disease if not present (.94).

P(person tests positive) = (0.05 * 0.95) + (0.95 * 0.06 (ŹD)) = 0.1045

So a person will test positive about 10% of the time, is this right or at least close to it??

And thank you Colby, you defo pointed me in the right direction .
Looks good.

Originally Posted by Malicant
A test correctly identifies a disease in 95% of people who have it. I correctly identifies no disease in 94% of people who don't have it. In the population, 5% of people have this disease. A person is tested at random.

1. What is the probability that they will test positive?
2. what is the probability that they have the disease given that they tested positive.
You good for 2? (I get 0.454545.... = 45/99).

Regarding the answer to 2 - The moral of the story is .......

5. Originally Posted by mr fantastic
Looks good.
You good for 2? (I get 0.454545.... = 45/99).

Regarding the answer to 2 - The moral of the story is .......
Yea, i get it now. I'd use the second formula that colby posted. Which i did and I got .4545454 repeating.

As to the moral, well I guess the moral would be that that is a pretty bad test . Thanks for the help guys .

6. Originally Posted by Malicant
[snip]

As to the moral, well I guess the moral would be that that is a pretty bad test . Thanks for the help guys .
No, the moral of the story is that there's often no need to panic if you test positive the first time ......