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Math Help - Probability and Statistics

  1. #1
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    Probability and Statistics

    Hey I am stuck with two questions on my latest assignment and I'm really unsure of how to go about answering them!! I would be grateful for any help!!

    1. Let P{X=a}=1 and P{Y=b}=1 for some numbers a and b. Prove that X and Y are independent.

    2. Let X and Y be independent identically distributed random variables, EX=EY=mu, EX^2=EY^2=mu2, VarX=VarY=sigma^2,EX^3=EY^3=mu3
    i) Show that E(X+Y-2mu)(X-Y)=0. Conclude that (X+Y) and (X-Y) are uncorrelated.
    ii) Show that E(X-Y)^2=2sigma^2
    iii) Show that E(X+Y)(X-Y)^2=2mu3-2(sigma^2)mu -2mu^3
    iv) Conclude that (X+Y) and (X-Y) are not independent if mu3 is not equal to 3(sigma^2)mu +mu^3

    Thank you!!
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor
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    Re: Probability and Statistics

    1) what's the probability that both a and b occur? does this equal the product of the individual probabilities?

    2)
    i) must multiply it out and take expectations. You're given all the values you'll need
    ii) same as i
    iii) same as ii
    iv) if they aren't uncorrelated they cannot be independent (not the converse is not true)
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