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Math Help - Probability / odds of last person drawing their own name from a hat

  1. #16
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    Re: Probability / odds of last person drawing their own name from a hat

    So there is a 6.5% chance of this happening? That surprises me. I would have thought it was much less probable.

    What if I wanted this expressed in Odds? Isn't it 1 out of the number of possible, which if I understand derangments and my own problem correctly (!), in the example of 4 students, out of 24 possible cases, there are only 9 derangements, so the odds would be 1:9... is that right?

    What would it be for 12 students? 1:176,214,841? (I took that from the precalculated outcomes for n=12 number at the bottom)
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  2. #17
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    Re: Probability / odds of last person drawing their own name from a hat

    A probability of 0.06509 is about 1 chance in 15 (more precisely, one chance in 15.36).

    In the case of 4 students, a probability of 0.1389 is about 1 chance in 7 (7.199).
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  3. #18
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    Re: Probability / odds of last person drawing their own name from a hat

    Thanks everyone, I really appreciate your time.
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