Bill has a small deck of 12 playing cards made up of only 2 suits of 6 cards each. Each of the 6 cards within a suit has a different value from 1 to 6; thus, for each value from 1 to 6, there are two cards in the deck with that value. Bill likes to play a game in which he shuffles the deck, turns over 4 cards, and looks for pairs of cards that have the same value. What is the chance that Bill finds at least one pair of cards that have the same value?
this is my solution but it is wrong:
an Arbitrary deck of hands with at least one pair of similar cards = A, B, C, A
the number of patterns that A,B,C,A hand appears = 4C2
Therefore, number of ways A is chosen= 12
when the first A is chosen, it locks in the value for the second A
number of ways B is chosen = 10(because by choosing a value for A, two cards are taken off the choice list)
number of ways C is chosen = 9
P(at least two cards have the same value) = (12 x 10 x 9 x 4C2)/(12 x 11 x 10 x 9) = 18/33
I hope that your explaination you will elaborate:
1. why my method is wrong
2. the actual solution.
Thank you very much for even considering my post!!!