Both are hypothesis tests about proportions.
Ho: soft drink manufactured holds 28% of the market
Ha: soft drink does not hold 28% of the market (because they don't ask you to determine whether they hold more or less of that claim, it is a 2 tailed test).
your test static = z = (p'-p)/SQRT(pq/n)
where p' = sample proportion (for Q1, it would be 13/60)
p = Population proportion (for Q1, it would be 0.28)
q = 1 - p (1 - 0.288 = 0.712)
Your critical value
z, 0.05/2 (divide by 2 because it is a two tailed test)
we reject Ho if our C.V > T.S
we fail to reject Ho if our C.V < T.S
I'll let you substitute in for both questions, and see if you get the answer right.
If you have any problems just ask. You're best to set it out with:
2)distribution (call it hypothesis test about proportions in this case)
--> Include any assumptions; here it is n > or = 20, and both np and nq > or equal to 5.
4)find your test statistic
5)Action (do we reject or fail to reject Ho)
6)write conclusion in words.
(I'll do the calculation myself too)