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Math Help - Probability

  1. #1
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    Probability

    Length of metal strips produced by a machine are normally distributed with mean length of 150 cm and a standard deviation of 10 cm. Find the probability that the length of a randomly selected strip is
    i/ Shorter than 165 cm?

    ii/ Longer than 170 cm?

    iii/ Between 145 cm and 155 cm?
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  2. #2
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    Re: Probability

    Use the standardizing of normal random variables and show your work.
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  3. #3
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    Re: Probability

    i think the technical term is head up my arse
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  4. #4
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    Re: Probability

    Let X be the length of a random metal strip. As the link says, P(X < x) = P\left(Z < \frac{x-150}{10}\right). Here Z is a standard normal random variable with mean 0 and variance 1. The values of P(Z < z) for various z can be found in tables such as this one.
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  5. #5
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    Re: Probability

    yeah just not getting this time to hit the books for a while more i think!
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  6. #6
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    Re: Probability

    a) 0.0668 or 6.88% probability
    b) 0.0228 or 2.28% probability
    c) 0

    does this sound right???
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  7. #7
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    Re: Probability

    Since the mean is 150, the probability that the length is less than 150 is 50%. And the probability that the length is less than 165 is greater than that, i.e., it should be greater than 50%. What you found in i) is P(X > 165) = 1 - P(X < 165). The answer to ii) is correct. The answer to iii) is clearly wrong because it is quite likely that the length is between 145 and 155. P(145 < X < 155) = P(X < 155) - P(X < 145). You can also use another table here which lists the values for P(0 < Z < x). (It is easy to see that P(0 < Z < x) = 0.5 + P(Z < x).) This table is useful because P(145 < X < 155) = P(-0.5 < Z < 0.5) = 2P(0 < Z < 0.5).
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  8. #8
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    Re: Probability

    a) 0.9332 or 93.32%

    &

    c) 0.383 or 38.3%

    any better?
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  9. #9
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    Re: Probability

    Yes, that's correct.
    Thanks from tomjay
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  10. #10
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    Re: Probability

    thanks for your help
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