Use the standardizing of normal random variables and show your work.
Length of metal strips produced by a machine are normally distributed with mean length of 150 cm and a standard deviation of 10 cm. Find the probability that the length of a randomly selected strip is
i/ Shorter than 165 cm?
ii/ Longer than 170 cm?
iii/ Between 145 cm and 155 cm?
Since the mean is 150, the probability that the length is less than 150 is 50%. And the probability that the length is less than 165 is greater than that, i.e., it should be greater than 50%. What you found in i) is P(X > 165) = 1 - P(X < 165). The answer to ii) is correct. The answer to iii) is clearly wrong because it is quite likely that the length is between 145 and 155. P(145 < X < 155) = P(X < 155) - P(X < 145). You can also use another table here which lists the values for P(0 < Z < x). (It is easy to see that P(0 < Z < x) = 0.5 + P(Z < x).) This table is useful because P(145 < X < 155) = P(-0.5 < Z < 0.5) = 2P(0 < Z < 0.5).