# Probability that both apples are red and at least one maggot

• Nov 23rd 2011, 06:32 PM
Punch
[Solved] Probability that both apples are red and at least one maggot
A box contains 25 apples, of which 20 are red and 5 are green. Of the red apples, 3 contain maggots and of the green apples, 1 contains maggots. Two apples are chosen at random from the box. Find the probability that both apples are red and at least one contains maggot.

$\displaystyle P(Both red and at least one maggot) = P(Red, Red Maggot)+P(Red maggot,Red)+P(Red Maggot,Red Maggot)$
$\displaystyle =\frac{20}{25} \times\frac{3}{24}+\frac{3}{25}\times \frac{19}{24}+\frac{3}{25} \times \frac{2}{24}$
$\displaystyle =\frac{41}{200}$

• Nov 23rd 2011, 08:03 PM
FernandoRevilla
Re: Probability that both apples are red and at least one maggot
Quote:

Originally Posted by Punch

Denote $\displaystyle R$ (both red) and $\displaystyle M$ (at least one contains maggots). We have to find $\displaystyle p(R\cap M)=p(R)\;p(M|R)$ .

$\displaystyle p(R)=\dfrac{\displaystyle\binom{20}{2}}{ \displaystyle\binom{25}{2}}=\ldots=\dfrac{19}{30}, \;p(M|R)=1-\dfrac{\displaystyle\binom{17}{2}}{ \displaystyle\binom{20}{2}}=\ldots=\dfrac{25}{95}$

Then, $\displaystyle p(R\cap M)=\frac{19}{30}\cdot \frac{27}{95}=\frac{9}{50}$
• Nov 23rd 2011, 08:54 PM
Punch
Re: Probability that both apples are red and at least one maggot
Quote:

Originally Posted by FernandoRevilla
Denote $\displaystyle R$ (both red) and $\displaystyle M$ (at least one contains maggots). We have to find $\displaystyle p(R\cap M)=p(R)\;p(M|R)$ .

$\displaystyle p(R)=\dfrac{\displaystyle\binom{20}{2}}{ \displaystyle\binom{25}{2}}=\ldots=\dfrac{19}{30}, \;p(M|R)=1-\dfrac{\displaystyle\binom{17}{2}}{ \displaystyle\binom{20}{2}}=\ldots=\dfrac{25}{95}$

Then, $\displaystyle p(R\cap M)=\frac{19}{30}\cdot \frac{27}{95}=\frac{9}{50}$

Thanks! But i dont see anything wrong with my workings too

Also, could u explain P(M|R) workings?
• Nov 23rd 2011, 09:12 PM
Punch
Re: Probability that both apples are red and at least one maggot
I figured it out! I included those with maggots when trying to find only red without maggot...