Please explain the question posted in the file attached.
CB
$\displaystyle A \cap B$ is the set of simple events which are in both $\displaystyle A$ and $\displaystyle B$, and $\displaystyle |A \cap B|$ is the number of elements in this set.
It is the number of ways the both $\displaystyle A$ and $\displaystyle B$ can simultaneously occur.
RonL
CaptainBlack I know what does A intersection B means but what I don't understand is that what does this statement |A and B|/|B| has to do with the occurence of two events. I mean the author said that "The probability that A occurs is P(A) = |A|/6 = 3/6 = 1/2, while presuming B occurs, the probability that A occurs is |A and B|/|B|. What I am trying to understand is that how did the author form this equation for this situation. I hope my question is clear.
The probability of A happening given that B has occurred in symbols is
$\displaystyle P(A|B) = \frac{{P\left( {A \cap B} \right)}}{{P(B)}}$.
That explains the intersection in your question.
Thus if A and B are independent that means that
$\displaystyle P(A|B) = \frac{{P\left( {A \cap B} \right)}}{{P(B)}} = P(A)\quad \Rightarrow \quad P\left( {A \cap B} \right) = P(A)P(B)$.