Two alloys A and B are being used to manufacture a certain steel product. An experiment needs to be designed to compare the two in terms of maximum load capacity in tons. This is a maximum that can be tolerated without breaking. It is known that the two standard deviations in load capacity are equal at 5 tons each. An experiment is conducted in which 30 specimens of each alloy (A and B) are tested and the results gave

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The manufacturers of alloy A are convinced that this evidence shows conclusively that and strongly supports their alloy. Manufacturers of alloy B claim that the experiment could easily have given [tex]\bar{x}_A -\bar{x}_B =4even ifthe two population means are equal. IN other words, "things are inconclusive!"

(a)Make an argument that manufacturers of alloy B are wrong. Do it by computing

(b) Do you think these data strongly support alloy A?

Simple to solve, just like the previous problem I posted.

(a)

(b)Yes, the experiment supports alloy A's case. Given the the population means of the two alloys are equal, there is a 0.1% probability that the difference between the sample means of alloy A and alloy B would be more than 4 tons.