The Mathematics in BlackJack Basic Strategy

I am doing a school project about the mathematics involved in card games, and I thought the basic strategy of BlackJack would be a great subject to touch on.

For things like the basic strategy charts, what kind of math was used to generate the best possible moves. Now, I know that these are the best possible moves, not counting deviations, because it's just a static "in the moment" comparison, versus taking into account what cards have been dynamically changing the game.

So, is it also possible, that I could do some of the math myself to prove in a sense those "basic strategy" charts?

A link to these charts can be found here: Blackjack - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thanks!