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Math Help - Binomial Distribution Problem

  1. #1
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    Binomial Distribution Problem

    Matt has a special coin where, when tossed, heads comes up 62% of the time. He plays a gambling game with Roy. Each time the coin is tossed, if it comes up heads, Roy pays Matt $500; else if it comes up tails, Matt pays Roy $500. The coin is tossed 100 times.

    What is the probability that Matt comes out ahead more than $9,000?

    I assume you would use a binomial calculator where p=.62, n=100, k=18(after dividing 9000/500).. But I'm not sure if that is correct since if it comes up tails Matt pays $500. So in that case, he is not just gaining money.. he also loses money. Is this correct?
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  2. #2
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    Hello, Saggittarius!

    Matt has a special coin where, when tossed, heads comes up 62% of the time.
    He plays a gambling game with Roy.
    Each time the coin is tossed, if it comes up heads, Roy pays Matt $500.
    . . If it comes up tails, Matt pays Roy $500.
    The coin is tossed 100 times.

    What is the probability that Matt comes out ahead more than $9,000?

    If Matt wins 59 games (and loses 41), he will win exactly $9,000.

    To win more than $9,000, Matt must win at least 60 games.


    So we have: .

    . . \begin{array}{ccc}P(\text{60 wins}) &=& {100\choose60}(0.62)^{60}(0.38)^{40} \\ \\[-3mm]<br />
P(\text{61 wins}) &=& {100\choose61}(0.62)^{61}(0.38)^{39} \\ \\[-3mm]<br />
P(\text{62 wins}) &=& {100\choose62}(0.62)^{62}(0.38)^{38} \\ <br />
\vdots & & \vdots \\<br />
P(\text{99 wins}) &=& {100\choose99}(0.62)^{99}(0.38)^1 \\ \\[-3mm]<br />
P(\text{100 wins}) &=& {100\choose100}(0.62)^{100}(0.38)^0 <br />
\end{array}


    The answer is the sum of these probabilities: . \sum^{100}_{n=60} {100\choose n}(0.62)^n(0.38)^{100-n}

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