Hey i need help on this question, after reading the book it doesn't give any helpful advice on how to solve this problem, or how to do it.
When a truckload of apples arrives at a packing plant, a random sample of 150 is selected and examined for bruises, discoloration, and other defects. The whole truckload will be rejected if more than 5% of the sample is unsatisfactory. Suppose that in fact 8% of the apples on the truck to not meet the desired standard. What's the probability that the shipment will be accepted anyways?
one thing that's bugging me about using a binomial here is that once we find a defective apple, the remaining number of defective apples in the shipment is lessened -- we're not replacing the defective apples to keep the proportion the same throughout the trials. i think im wrong actually, but close. let me now consider poisson.
nah...since these are independent trials, the realization of a defective apple doesnt propagate to affect the probabaility of the next trial's outcome. i think it's fine as is. i get the prob is ~8%. poisson would work here too since 150*.08 isn't large...