Hello, flywithme!

I can solve this The Long Way, but why bother?Two cards are drawn without replacement from a shuffled deck of 52 cards.

What is the probability that the second card is a King?

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Do we care what the first card is? . . . No!

Suppose they asked for the probability that the 17th card is a King.

Do we need to know if any of the first 16 cards are Kings? . . . No.

Spread the cards face down on the table.

. . Point tocard: "Is it a King?"any

The probability will be: .

Get it?