# Math Help - Simple Limit

1. ## Simple Limit

Lim (xà 0) [(sinx – x)/sinx]

2. Using L'Hospital's rule,

$\lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\sin x -x}{\sin x} = \lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\cos x -1}{\cos x} = \frac{0}{1} = 0$

or by expanding $\sin x$ as a Taylor series centered about x=0.

$\lim_{x \to 0} \frac{\sin x-x}{\sin x} = \lim_{x \to 0} \Big(1 - \frac{x}{\sin x}\Big) = \lim_{x \to 0} \Big(1 - \frac{x}{x-\frac{1}{3!}x^{3}+\frac{1}{5!}x^{5}+...}\Big)$ $= \lim_{x \to 0} \Big(1 - \frac{1}{1-\frac{1}{3!}x^{2}+\frac{1}{5!}x^{4}+...}\Big) = 1-1 =0$

3. Originally Posted by xwrathbringerx
Lim (xà 0) [(sinx – x)/sinx]
Alternatively to the previous excellent solutions:

$= \lim_{x \rightarrow 0} \left( 1 - \frac{x}{\sin x} \right) = 1 - \lim_{x \rightarrow 0}\frac{x}{\sin x} = 1 -1 = 0$

using a well known standard trig limit.